Electronic breakers are already utilized in certain applications in cars, and also on heavy truck body control modules. But for the vast majority of power distribution, standard fuses and breakers are still the rules.
Fuses are simple, cheap, and effective. As long as some nimrod doesn’t replace a fuse with a larger size.
Keep in mind that whether it’s a blown fuse or an electronically disabled circuit, the circuit fault still needs to be located and repaired.
What I’ve seen happen often in applications with electronic fault detection is the needless replacement of control modules.
Folks don’t understand that the module is deliberately disabling the circuit due to a detected fault.
I think DC circuit breakers could be useful in certain types of vehicles, especially trucks, motor homes, and vehicles that go off-road because those vehicles have a greater chance of wiring problems due to vibration and damage by rocks.
Airplanes use resettable circuit breakers (but usually the non-electronic type) because you don’t have time to scrounge around for a correct size fuse while in flight.
For most on-road vehicles, a fuse block is good enough, and cheaper. The reliability of modern wiring harnesses is really good compared to older vehicle wiring harnesses.
The design of the circuit breaker utilized a Smart Highside Power Switch, and under software control, we were able to shut the power down faster than a conventional wire fuse. The advantage being that the device could be reset under software control.
Then the analyzer could tell you the circuit the was blown, when it blew, what the current was and what else may have happened at the same time to give you a clue as to why it blew.
You could even override the setting to test the circuit. Wonderful. But expensive, and auto manufacturers watch fractions of pennies.
When the day comes that this circuit could be close to the cost of the fuses then we will probably see this.
Circuits which have a tendency to get overloaded a lot in cars usually have circuit breaker protection, for example, electric windows & the front seats lumbar support motors are protected by circuit breakers!
Fuses or Circuit breaker? the opposite opinion
No, it would be ridiculously expensive and bulky for very limited benefit. A modern car typically has 40–60 individual fuses.
Now, look up the cost and size of a current based circuit breaker wherever you live and work out how much space and cost that would be.
Of course, they could be miniaturized and the costs reduced, but there are limits.
Circuit breakers in a car are a solution in search of a problem. Fuses cost pence and are tiny. The incidents of fuses blowing is low, and generally, if they do go there is an underlying problem that needs fixing anyway.
Of course, it’s possible to reduce the number of separately fused circuits by combining them. Old cars would have very few fuses.
However, in a modern car with very complex wiring, that lack of discrimination makes fault-finding a nightmare.